Science - Sixth Grade

Science Benchmarks – Sixth Grade

Physical Science 
Students will experiment and describe how changes in state (i.e., freezing/melting, condensation/evaporation/boiling) provide evidence that matter is made of particles too small to be seen. 

Students will relate heat, temperature and thermal energy as methods that cause matter to change state.

Students will explore and describe how heat is transferred by the processes of convection, radiation, and conduction.

Students will experiment with light, observing its properties and behaviors (refraction and reflection), and research its place within the electromagnetic spectrum. 

Students will compare and contrast through exploration that mixing pigments and mixing light result in very different products.

Students will research and illustrate how the eye receives light and differentiates color.

Students will explore and describe sound waves.

Students will compare and contrast sound and light waves.

Students will describe the properties of light and sound waves.

Life Science
Students will describe the common life processes necessary to the survival of organisms.

Students will explore the cell and cell organelles as a necessary unit for life processes.

Students will recognize how plants go through photosynthesis and respiration.

Students will explore how the environment and life cycle of an organism are interdependent.

Students will recognize and explore the DNA strand.

Students will recognize that organisms have sexual and asexual reproduction.

Students will explore asexual reproduction with plants.

Students will define that chromosomes carry hereditary information in the form of genes.

Students will recognize that somatic cells go through mitosis.

Students will recognize that different genetic codes produce differences in parent and offspring.

Students will identify, describe, and predict changes of the abiotic and biotic factors within ecosystems on populations.

Students will identify how organisms negatively and positively affect their environment and the ecosystem.

Students will diagram and describe the transfer of energy through a water food chain and a land pyramid.

Students will illustrate and describe the three main biochemical cycles in nature.

Students will acknowledge God’s plan for creation and procreation of animal and human life.

Students will explore the work of Gregor Mendel and genetics.

Human Body
Students will describe and classify tissues, organs and organ systems.

Scientific Method
Students will create procedures to test an independent variable.

Students will recognize the dependent and constant variables based on the independent variable and use a control to compare the reliability of the results. 

Students will interpret whether the evidence supports or disproves their hypothesis

Students will analyze the data to form a conclusion and develop further possibilities for experimentation.


Revised spring 2011